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Q71. John works as a Sales Manager for BlueWells Inc. The company has a Windows-based network. John often travels away from the office. He wants to connect his Laptop to the office's local network. Which of the following mechanisms will he use to connect to the office's local network? 

A. Virtual Private Network (VPN) 

B. Personal Area Network (PAN) 

C. Intranet 

D. Extranet 

Answer: A 


A virtual private network (VPN) is a form of wide area network (WAN) that supplies network connectivity over a possibly long physical distance. A virtual private network is a network that uses a public telecommunication infrastructure, such as the Internet, to provide remote offices or individual users with secure access to their organization's network. A virtual private network can be contrasted with an expensive system of owned or leased lines that can only be used by one organization. The goal of a VPN is to provide the organization with the same capabilities, but at a much lower cost. A VPN works by using the shared public infrastructure while maintaining privacy through security procedures and tunneling protocols such as the Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP). In effect, the protocols, by encrypting data at the sending end and decrypting it at the receiving end, send the data through a tunnel that cannot be entered by data that is not properly encrypted. An additional level of security involves encrypting not only the data, but also the originating and receiving network addresses. Answer: C is incorrect. An intranet is a private network that is contained within an enterprise. Intranet is used to share company information and computing resources among employees. It is also used to facilitate working in groups and for teleconferencing. An intranet uses TCP/IP, HTTP, and other Internet protocols. Answer: D is incorrect. Extranet is an area of a Web site, which is available only to selected customers, suppliers, and mobile workers. It allows users limited access to a company's intranet. Extranet can also be considered as an extension of a corporate intranet using the World Wide Web technology to facilitate communication with a corporation's suppliers and customers. Answer: B is incorrect. A personal area network (PAN) is a computer network used for communication among computer devices (including telephones and personal digital assistants) close to one's person. The reach of a PAN is typically a few meters. A PAN can be used for communication among the personal devices themselves (intrapersonal communication), or for connecting to a higher level network and the Internet. 

Q72. Which of the following transfer protocols is used to access a secure Web server on the Internet? 





Answer: B 

Explanation: The Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) protocol is a protocol used in the Universal Resource Locater (URL) address line to connect to a secure site. If a site has been made secure by using the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), then the HTTPS instead of the HTTP protocol should be used as a protocol type in the URL. Answer: C is incorrect. Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) is a remote access protocol. It is an extension of the Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP). PPTP is used to securely connect to a private network by a remote client using a public data network such as the Internet. Virtual private networks (VPNs) use the tunneling protocol to enable remote users to access corporate networks securely across the Internet. PPTP supports encapsulation of encrypted packets in secure wrappers that can be transmitted over a TCP/IP connection. Answer: D is incorrect. Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a client/server TCP/IP protocol used on the World Wide Web (WWW) to display Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) pages. HTTP defines how messages are formatted and transmitted, and what actions Web servers and browsers should take in response to various commands. For example, when a client application or browser sends a request to the server using HTTP commands, the server responds with a message containing the protocol version, success or failure code, server information, and body content, depending on the request. HTTP uses TCP port 80 as the default port. Answer: A is incorrect. Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is a reliable, connection-oriented protocol operating at the transport layer of the OSI model. It provides a reliable packet delivery service encapsulated within the Internet Protocol (IP). TCP guarantees the delivery of packets, ensures proper sequencing of data, and provides a checksum feature that validates both the packet header and its data for accuracy. If the network corrupts or loses a TCP packet during transmission, TCP is responsible for retransmitting the faulty packet. It can transmit large amounts of data. Application layer protocols, such as HTTP and FTP, utilize the services of TCP to transfer files between clients and servers. 

Q73. As a member of the healthcare IT team, you are asked to send a patient's MRI exam from the MRI department to a PACS system for permanent archival. Which of the following would you depend on for transmission of these images? 




D. Health Level 7 

Answer: C 

Explanation: DICOM, short for Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine, refers to the standard of handling, storing, printing and transmitting information in medical imaging. Answer: D is incorrect. Health Level 7 is incorrect as this is a is an international community of healthcare subject matter experts and information scientists collaborating to create standards for the exchange, management and integration of electronic healthcare information. HL7 promotes the use of such informatics standards within and among healthcare organizations to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare information delivery for the benefit of all. 

Q74. You are an information technologist at a long term care facility that cares form chronically ill patients. One of your job duties is to ensure the history and physicals for these patients are dictated and transcribed in the appropriate time frame. You are required by The Joint Commission for the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations to have the history and physicals to be dictated and transcribed within which of the following time frames? 

A. 7 days 

B. 30 days 

C. 14 days 

D. 24 hours 

Answer: B 

Explanation: The Joint Commission for the Accreditation of Healthcare organizations requires a history and physical be dictated and transcribed within 30 days for chronic care patients. Answer: D is incorrect. The Joint Commission for the Accreditation of Healthcare organizations requires a history and physical be dictated and transcribed within 30 days for chronic care patients. Answer: A is incorrect. The Joint Commission for the Accreditation of Healthcare organizations requires a history and physical be dictated and transcribed within 30 days for chronic care patients. Answer: C is incorrect. The Joint Commission for the Accreditation of Healthcare organizations requires a history and physical be dictated and transcribed within 30 days for chronic care patients. 

Q75. You have been hired at a small private practice to install a basic document management system and scanner so that the practice can start converting from paper to electronic medical records. You have a question system should be organized. Who are you most likely to talk to regarding this issue? 

A. The medical assistants 

B. The technical support team of the manufacturer of the system. 

C. The office manager 

D. The physician heading the practice. 

Answer: C 

Explanation: At a small private practice, the person most likely to make administrative decisions about medical record filing and computer systems will be the office manager. Answer: D is incorrect. Although a physician may be called in for training and their opinion, most likely the individual with the most power to make decisions with by the office manager. Answer: A is incorrect. Medical assistants will be using the new program, but they are not likely to be the ones making the decisions about how it will be set up and used. Answer: B is incorrect. Although technical support from the product manufacturer may help with installation 

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Q76. A medical practice knows that its billing office is open to public viewing because it is attached to the front welcome-desk as a time-saving device for communication between billing staff and front office staff. The practice knows that other patients' PHI billing information could easily be viewed by patients standing at the front desk, but chooses not to change the scenario. What kind of penalty could the practice face? 

A. Minimum of $1,000 

B. This is not a civil violation, only a criminal violation. 

C. Minimum of $10,000 

D. Minimum of $100 

Answer: C 

Explanation: This is a civil penalty due to "willful neglect." Answer: D is incorrect. It is only for an individual who did not know and by exercising reasonable diligence would not have known that this was a HIPAA violation. Answer: A is incorrect. It is for a violation due to reasonable cause and not neglect. Answer: B is incorrect. Criminal penalties are only when covered entities actively disclose or obtain PHI in violation of HIPAA. 

Q77. How will you identify that the PC has successfully completed its Power On Self Test (POST)? 

A. The PC give frequent beeps and gives a display on the monitor. 

B. The PC gives two beeps at the startup. 

C. The PC gives the message "Press DEL to enter the Setup" 

D. The PC gives a single beep at the startup. 

Answer: D 

Explanation: When you start the system, it gives single beep if it has successfully completed the Power On Self Test (POST). If the PC gives a message "Press DEL to enter the Setup", it is because of the wrong setting in BIOS. 

Q78. You are a healthcare IT technician. You have made a procedure of backup according to the backup policy of the company. Which of the following actions will prove that the backup is reliable and useable? 

A. Storing backups onsite 

B. Storing backups offsite 

C. Testing of backup 

D. Storing backups in lock and key 

Answer: C 

Explanation: Backups are the only means of insurance available to your data resources in the event of a loss, disruption, corruptions, intrusion, destruction, infection, or disaster. Backups must be tested in order to prove reliable and useable. Testing a backup includes restoring data from the backup media to verify that restoration can be done. For successful backup restoration, this backup testing is must. Answer: A, B, D are incorrect. These are the ways of securing backups. 

Q79. Maria works as a healthcare IT Technician for an organization. She has received an e-mail from the MN Compensation Office with the following message:Dear Sir/Madam,My name is Edgar Rena, the director of compensation here at the MN Compensation Office in Chicago. We receive so many complaints about fraudulent activities that have been taking place in your region for the past few years. Due to the high volume loss of money, the MN compensation department has had an agreement with the appropriate authority to compensate each victim witha sum of USD$500,000.00.You were selected among the list of people to be paid this sum. To avoid any imperative mood by intending scammers, your payment has been transmuted into an International bank draft which can be cashed at any local bank in your country. Please fill the below details and send it to our secretary for your compensation bank draft.Full name. ______Address. ________Tel. ____________ Fill & Send to: Dr. Michael Brown MN Compensation Office, IL Tel. +1-866-233-8434 Email. 

Further instructions shall be given to you by our secretary as soon as you contact him. To avoid losing your compensation, you are requested to pay the sum of $350 for Insurance Premium to our 

secretary.Thanks and God bless. If Maria replies to this mail, which of the following attacks may she become vulnerable to? 

A. Phishing attack 

B. Spamming 

C. SYN attack 

D. Mail bombing 

Answer: A 

Explanation: Phishing is a type of scam that entices a user to disclose personal information such as social security number, bank account details, or credit card number. An example of phishing attack is a fraudulent e-mail that appears to come from a user's bank asking to change his online banking password. When the user clicks the link available on the e-mail, it directs him to a phishing site which replicates the original bank site. The phishing site lures the user to provide his personal information. Answer: B is incorrect. Spamming is the technique of flooding the Internet with a number of copies of the same message. The most widely recognized form of spams are e-mail spam, instant messaging spam, Usenet newsgroup spam, Web search engine spam, spam in blogs, online classified ads spam, mobile phone messaging spam, Internet forum spam, junk fax transmissions, social networking spam, television advertising and file sharing network spam. Answer: D is incorrect. Mail bombing is an attack that is used to overwhelm mail servers and clients by sending a large number of unwanted e-mails. The aim of this type of attack is to completely fill the recipient's hard disk with immense, useless files, causing at best irritation, and at worsttotal computer failure. E-mail filtering and properly configuring email relay functionality on mail servers can be helpful for protection against this type of attack. Answer: C is incorrect. A SYN attack is a form of denial-of-service (DoS) attack. In this attack, the attacker sends multiple SYN packets to the target computer. For each received SYN packet, the target computer allocates resources and sends an acknowledgement (SYN-ACK) to the source IP address. Since the target computer does not receive a response from the attacking computer, it attempts to resend the SYN-ACK. This leaves TCP ports in a half-open state. When the attacker sends TCP SYNs repeatedly, the target computer eventually runs out of resources and is unable to handle any more connections, thereby denying services to legitimate users. A SYN attack affects computers running on the TCP/IP protocol. It is a protocol-level attack that can render a computer's network services unavailable. A SYN attack is also known as SYN flooding. 


Fill in the blank with an appropriate term. is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting guessing and brute-force attacks. Password strengthis a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting guessing and brute-force attacks. 

Answer: In its usual form, it 

Explanation: estimates how many trials an attacker who does not have direct access to the password would need, on an average, to correctly guess it. The strength of a password is a function of length, complexity, and randomness.Using strong passwords lowers the overall risk of a security breach, but strong passwords do not replace the need for other effective security controls. The effectiveness of a password of a given strength is strongly determined by the design and implementation of the authentication system software; particularly, how frequently password guesses can be tested by an attacker and how securely information on user passwords is stored and transmitted. Risks are also posed by the several means of breaching computer security which are not related to password strength. Such means include wiretapping, phishing, keystroke logging, social engineering, dumpster diving, side-channel attacks, and software vulnerabilities. 

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